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World War I flying ace commemorated

World War I flying ace commemorated


The nation watched on as Samuel Kinkead attempted to become the first pilot to break the 300 mph barrier, but the flight was to be his last.

As ‘Kink’ increased his speed and flew low across the water, tragedy struck. The plane inexplicably nosedived, and one of the Great War’s most celebrated pilots died instantly as he struck the water.

(BBC South Today 9 March 2015)

He was laid to rest four days later at All Saints Church in Fawley, where his grave still stands as testament to his skill and bravery.

Now, the New Forest National Park Authority is seeking to keep the memory of Samuel Kinkead alive, and celebrate the history of All Saints at Fawley and the area’s other churches in a new leaflet.

(Studio portrait of Samuel ‘Kink’ Kinkead)

The fatal crash was a dramatic end to an extraordinary life, which saw Kink win six decorations for securing at least 33 victories as a fighter pilot on the Western Front and against the Bolsheviks in Russia. He also excelled as a pilot in the annual seaplane race for the Schneider Trophy; at Venice in 1927 he flew at 277 mph to break the biplane seaplane world speed record.

The impact of Kink’s life was illustrated by the reaction to his death. His achievements were marked by a leader article in The Times, and by the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Samuel Hoare, who told the House of Commons that, had he lived, he might well have reached the very top of the Royal Air Force.

The latest churches leaflet, the third in a series on the New Forest’s historical churches, contains pictures and facts on four sites:

  • All Saints, Fawley
  • St Paul’s, East Boldre
  • St Katharine’s, Exbury
  • Church of the blessed Virgin and Child, Beaulieu.

Julian Lewis MP, author of ‘Racing Ace’, the biography of Samuel Kinkead, said: ‘Kink was a real-life “Boy’s Own” hero, venerated by his brother officers. A group of them set up a special fund to pay for his portrait in the RAF Club in London, his trophy at Cranwell and his memorial stone at All Saints, Fawley. His seaplane, designed by R J Mitchell, was a direct ancestor of the Spitfire.

‘The test pilots who flew such machines were the astronauts of their day, and it is right that their bravery should always be remembered.’

Frank Green, New Forest National Park Authority archaeologist, said: ‘The story of Samuel Kinkead gives a flavour of the fascinating history within the New Forest’s historical churches, many of which are featured in this series of leaflets.

‘In order to appreciate our local area, it’s important to take an interest in its history and I hope this latest leaflet will help people to do this, while encouraging them to visit their local church to find out more about its past.’

Canon Stuart Holt of All Saints, Fawley, said: ‘It was a wonderful surprise to hear that we were being featured in this leaflet by the National Park Authority, and we hope that people who see this leaflet will be inspired to come and visit All Saints and share in the wonderful church that we have here.’

To find out more about the New Forest’s historical churches, and download your own copies of the leaflets, visit

These leaflets are supported by Hampshire Historic Churches Trust. To find out more about its work to conserve old churches visit


Fact box: Samuel Kinkead

  • Born in Johannesburg, South Africa on 25 February 1897
  • Joined the Royal Naval Air Service in 1915 and scored 30 victories on the Western Front — six times the total needed to be considered an ‘ace’
  • Awarded the Distinguished Service Cross twice and the Distinguished Flying Cross twice, for his valour in World War I
  • Awarded the Distinguished Service Order for an attack against 4,000 Bolshevik cavalrymen and a Mention in Despatches in the Russian Civil War of 1919—20
  • The Kinkead Trophy is still awarded in his memory, every year, to the best new graduate pilot at RAF Cranwell.

Notes to photo editor:

Frank Green, National Park archaeologist; Canon Stuart Holt, Fawley Church; Julian Lewis MP

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